Last week I presented a set of questions on pricing. The premise is, a marketer must pose and answer these questions to arrive at the pricing. Given that list of questions, the meta questions are,
- Where does one start- what question does one ask first?
- What is the relative importance of questions – so one only seeks most relevant data with limited time and resources.
The first question is important for marketing strategy and the second is relevant to the notion of value of information
I presented a randomized list of 16 questions to Product Managers, Marketing professionals and Pricing Practitioners – the regular readers of the blog. I asked a lot from them, to spend considerable time to re-order the questions in what they believe to be the right ranking order.
This was not a survey, this was meant to be a thought exercise even though I used a powerful survey tool, SurveyGizmo
. Ranking questions are the most time consuming and hardest to deal with in a survey. If you are doing a real survey I recommend you do not use more than 5 items to rank. Again, I was not surveying so asking 16 questions to rank is not bad.
A complete discussion of the questions, how one goes about answering them and what other key questions that were left out are too big to handle here. Let us ask the smaller problem – What comes first?
Let us see the top two ranked questions based on the input from the practitioners:
- What is the product?
- Who is the customer?
One should not treat this as you first ask about the product and next ask about customers. A simple ranking estimate hides the bigger insight here. There are indeed the two most common starting points for pricing.
If you started with the product your next question will invariably be the one that is tied to the product. Asking questions about the customer is not the default next step for all who chose to start with the product.
You cannot be that wrong if you start with either one of these questions. But if you start with the product, when do you come back to worrying about the customer?
Starting with product comes with traps and false signals that can easily lead us to the wrong destination. Traps like
- Product features over benefits - the features deserve the higher price tag
- Product benefits over perceived value – the Value Waterfall
- Cost to deliver the features
- Hitting the Value Step function – failure to deliver the threshold or delivering way too much.
- Failure to see the needs and wants of the segment and why they are buying the product, leading to product driven innovation rather than customer driven innovation.
A careful and evidence driven marketer may know to avoid these traps. But in a growing market, with weak competition or in the presence of other such externalities one can succeed in the short-term despite falling into the trap.
Success only lasts until the next disruption. That is why you see so many brands fall so quickly out of favor.
Blockbuster started with the product and stayed with the product. They relied on the idiosyncrasies of the product, like rewind fee (VHS days) and late fees for revenue optimization.
Netflix on the other hand started with the customer. They knew that their initial product, DVDs by mail, “was Doomed
“. Starting with the customer for pricing enable them to practice revenue optimization that is tied to customer preferences and not the product.
My recommendation? Like many marketing practitioners who gave their input for my questionnaire, I recommend starting with
Who is the customer?
Want to know more? Look for more articles in this series.